How do I reference books?

Example - book with one author

(Scroll down for associated examples including different numbers of authors, corporate authors, editors, different editions etc.)


Example, including punctuation


Davey, G.

Year of publication


Title of the book (italics)

Psychopathology: Research, Assessment and Treatment in Clinical Psychology.

Edition (if not the first edition)

(2nd ed.)

City of publication, with country or U.S. state

Chichester, UK:




The citation in your text will be

…(Davey, 2014) or Davey (2014)…..

or, if you have quoted directly,

(Davey, 2014, p.16).

If you have used the author's name in your sentence then only the year of publication, with a page reference if necessary, is placed after it in brackets, eg

Davey (2014) states that ...

or, if you have quoted directly,

Davey (2014, p. 16) states that ...


Reference list:

Davey, G. (2014). Psychopathology: Research, Assessment and Treatment in Clinical Psychology (2nd ed.). Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Associated examples

Two authors

Carver, C. S. & Scheier, M. F. (1998). On the Self-Regulation of Behavior. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

…(Carver & Scheier, 1998) or Carver and Scheier (1998)…

Three editors, publisher is the APA

Darley, J. M., Zanna, M. P. & Roediger, H. L. (Eds.). (2003). The Compleat Academic: A Career Guide (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

…(Darley, Zanna & Roediger, 2003) or Darley, Zanna and Roediger (2003)…

Five authors

Levinson, D. J., Darrow, C. N., Klein, E. B., Levinson, M. H. & McKee, B. (1978). The Seasons of a Man’s Life. New York, NY: Knopf.

Organisation as the author, which also published it

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

(American Psychiatric Association, 2013)

Not the first edition (numerical)

Gross, R. D. (2015). Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behaviour (7th ed.). London, UK: Hodder Education.

(Gross, 2015)

Not the first edition (revised, expanded etc.)

Gorbachev, M., 1987. Perestroika (expanded ed.). London, UK: Fontana/Collins.

(Gorbachev, 1987)

Available online only, no date

Brown, C. (n.d.). My Love Affair with Referencing. Retrieved from

(Brown, 2013)

No author/Anonymous

Anonymous. (1905). XX Century Alchemy: Or The Art of Transmuting Clay into Gold. London, UK: Simpkin, Marshall & Co.

(Anonymous, 1905)