Encyclopaediae - single entry in an encyclopaedia

The following example applies only where each entry in an encyclopaedia has an identified author. Otherwise, simply reference the encyclopaedia itself as a book and insert a page reference in the citation in your text.



Example, including punctuation

Author(s) of the individual entry

Osborn, F.J.

Year of publication


Title of entry (NOT italics)

Industrial housing estates.



Editor(s) of the encyclopaedia (capitals)

A. Whittick (Ed.)



Title of the encyclopaedia (italics)

Encyclopedia of Urban Planning.

Page reference for the individual entry

(pp. 29-31).

City of publication (including country or U.S. state)

New York, NY:




The citation in your text will be

(Osborn, 1976)

or, if you have quoted directly,

(Osborn, 1976, p. 29).

If you have used the author(s) name(s) in your sentence then only the year of publication, with a page reference if necessary, is placed after it in brackets, eg

Osborn (1976) suggests that ...

or, if you have quoted directly,

Osborn (1976, p. 29) states that ...

Reference list:

Osborn, F.J. (1976). Industrial housing estates. In A. Whittick (Ed.), Encyclopedia of urban planning (pp. 29-31). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Example of entry in multi-volume encyclopedia:

Hepburn, J. M. (2010). Jealousy. In I. B. Weiner & W. B. Craighead (Eds.), The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology (Vol. 2, p.883). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.