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OSCOLA Referencing

Generative AI


The following are examples of how to reference the output of Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) such as ChatGPT, DALL-E, and Bard.




The use of generative AI within assignments must comply with RGU guidance. It is your responsiblity to check your assignment brief and ensure that the use of AI tools is permitted within an assignment

Any use of AI tools, including idea and content generation or helping you to plan or develop an assignment, must be acknowledged as a source. Instructions are given below on how to reference the legitimate use of AI within assignments but given how fast the AI landscape is changing these instructions may be subject to change in the coming months.

In the absence of any official guidance from the University of Oxford Law School (who manage the OSCOLA style) we have based RGU guidance on best practice within other UK universities.



Template (Footnote):

Creator of AI | Name of AI | Form of communication including input/prompt | (Date).


OpenAI ChatGPT response to prompt ‘what is the law in the UK regarding offensive online communications?’ (27 April 2023).

Template (Bibliography):

Creator and title of AI, | medium of communication and receiver of communication | < URL where AI can be accessed > | accessed: date.


OpenAI ChatGPT, ChatGPT response to author accessed: 27 April 2023.