OSCOLA Referencing

Command Papers


The following are examples of how to reference command papers.



Command papers include White and Green Papers, relevant treaties, government responses to select committee reports, and reports of committees of inquiry.

When citing a command paper, begin the citation with the name of the department or other body that produced the paper, and then give the title of the paper in italics, followed by the command paper number and the year in brackets. If additional information is required, insert it within the brackets before the command paper number. The abbreviation preceding a command paper number depends on the year of publication:

1833–69 (C (1st series))
1870–99 (C (2nd series))
1900–18 (Cd)
1919–56 (Cmd)
1957–86 (Cmnd)
1986– (Cm)



Home Office, Report of the Royal Commission on Capital Punishment (Cmd 8932, 1953) para 53.

Department for Children, Schools and Families, 2008 Autumn Performance Report (Cm 7507, 2008) 54.

Department for International Development, Eliminating World Poverty: Building our Common Future (White Paper, Cm 7656, 2009) ch 5.