OSCOLA Referencing

EU Legislation


The following are examples of how to reference EU Legislation.


EU Treaties and Protocols

Older treaties were published in the C series. With some exceptions (such as the Lisbon Treaty), legislation is now published in the L series.


Template (Footnote/Table of Legislation):

Title | [Year] | OJ series | issue/first page.


Protocol to the Agreement on the Member States that do not fully apply the Schengen acquis—Joint Declarations [2007] OJ L129/35.

Consolidated Version of the Treaty on European Union [2008] OJ C115/13.

EU Regulations, Directives, Decisions, Recommendations and Opinions

Please note that the year precedes the running number in citations for Directives, but follows it when citing Regulations. 

Template (Footnote):

Type | Number | Title | [Year] | OJ L issue/first page.


Council Directive 2002/60/EC of 27 June 2002 laying down specific provisions for the control of African swine fever and amending Directive 92/119/EEC as regards Teschen disease and African swine fever [2002] OJ L192/27.

Council Regulation (EC) 1984/2003 of 8 April 2003 introducing a system for the statistical monitoring of trade in bluefin tuna, swordfish and big eye tuna within the Community [2003] OJ L295/1.

Older EU Legislation

For the years 1952–72 (when there was no English edition of the Journal Officiel), refer where possible to the Special Edition of the OJ.


Template (Footnote/Table of Legislation):

legislation type | number | title | [year] | OJ Spec Ed first page.


Council Regulation (EEC) 1017/68 applying rules of competition to transport by rail, road and inland waterway [1968] OJ Spec Ed 302.