OSCOLA Referencing

European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) Judgments


The following are examples of how to reference ECtHR judgments.


Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights

For judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), cite either the official reports, the Reports of Judgments and Decisions (cited as ECHR) or the European Human Rights Reports (EHRR), but be consistent in your practice.

Before 1996, the official reports were known as Series A and numbered consecutively. The EHRR series is also numbered consecutively, but from 2001 case numbers have been used instead of page numbers. References to unreported judgments should give the application number, and then the court and the date of the judgment in brackets


Examples (Footnotes/Table of Cases):

Johnston v Ireland (1986) Series A no 122.

Osman v UK ECHR 1998–VIII 3124.

Balogh v Hungary App no 47940/99 (ECtHR, 20 July 2004).

Omojudi v UK (2009) 51 EHRR 10.