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OSCOLA Referencing

Personal Communications


The following are examples of how to reference personal communications.



Personal Communications 

When citing personal communications, such as emails and letters, give the author and recipient of the communication, and the date. If you are yourself the author or recipient of the communication, say ‘from author’ or ‘to author’ as appropriate. 


Template (Footnote):

Letter from author to recipient | (date of communication).


Email from author to recipient | (date of communication).


Letter from Gordon Brown to Lady Ashton (20 November 2009).

Email from to author (16 December 2008).